Immigration Rules - Appendix FM | Fiance(e)s & Proposed Civil Partners
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Immigration rules

UK Visa

British citizenship

Fiancé(e)s & Proposed Civil Partners  

The present immigration rules for fiancé(e)s and proposed civil partners  wishing to settle permanently in the UK came into effect on the 09 July 2012. The rules are set out in 'Appendix FM' to the rules. Full details of the new rules can be found on the Home Office website, but a brief summary is detailed below.

Entry clearance is mandatory in this category; applications cannot be made from inside the UK.  

The new rules are more complex, and they do not have the flexibility of the old rules. Therefore it is extremely important for applicants to ensure that they fully meet the detailed criteria, and for applications to be carefully prepared.'Specified evidence' must be submitted to show that certain requirements are met.

Transitional arrangements mean that an applicant who has already been granted leave to enter or remain under the ‘old’ rules will continue to be treated under the ‘old’ rules and not the new rules.

The Financial Requirement

A minimum “specified gross annual income” of at least £29,000 will apply, unless the applicant is exempt**. 

'Specified savings' and 'non-employment income' can be used in certain circumstances to meet any shortfall in the gross annual income requirement (above). However, only savings above £16,000 can be relied upon, and any such savings must have been held for at least 6 months and will be divided by 2.5 for calculation purposes if applying for limited leave to enter or remain. A gift of monies can be relied upon, but not a loan.

Under the new rules it is no longer possible to rely upon third-party financial support, and the applicant’s potential to find employment will not be taken into consideration. For entry clearance applications, the applicant’s overseas earnings will not be taken into consideration.

The minimum income requirement applies at all stages, i.e. when applying for an extension of stay and when applying for settlement (indefinite leave to remain).

The Home Office has published very detailed guidance which sets out exactly what income and savings can be taken into consideration, and the 'specified evidence' which must be submitted. It is vital that this guidance is complied with, otherwise the application will normally be refused.

**The minimum income requirement will not apply if:-

(a) the applicant’s partner is receiving one or more of the following:-

Disability Living Allowance (DLA);

Personal Independence Payments (PIP);

Severe Disablement Allowance;

Industrial Injury Disablement Benefit;

Attendance Allowance; or

Carer’s Allowance; and

(b) the parties can adequately maintain and accommodate themselves without claiming any (additional) public funds. Third-party financial support is not permitted.

Relationship requirements

The new rules introduce detailed guidance on factors which may be associated with genuine and non-genuine relationships. Apart from this, the new rules are the same as the old rules, i.e. the relationship must be shown to be genuine and subsisting, with an intention to live together permanently in the UK.

Fiancé(e)s and proposed civil partners  must have met, and they must be 'free to marry'/ become civil partners within the 6-month validity of the visa. 

Accommodation requirements

Both the new and the old rules require the accommodation to be adequate, and not overcrowded. The new rules introduce a requirement for 'specified evidence' to be provided.

English language requirement

This is unchanged. The applicant will need to pass a very basic English language test in speaking & listening which has been approved by the Home Office, unless an exemption applies.


Achieving settlement (indefinite leave to remain) will take 5 years (once married/ civil partners) under the new rules; only 2 years’ co-habitation as a spouse/ civil partner was required under the ‘old’ rules. Leave will be granted in batches of 30 months.